Approaches Used in Pest Control.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Pests refer to insects that destroy crops and other undergrowth or agricultural estate types. There is a technique of controlling or regulating pests which upset human health, vegetation, and farm produce known as pest control. Some of the pests that disrupt human health are mice, lice and, mosquitoes. Specialists have come up with various methods of pest control due to technology and science innovation. Controlling pests have existed ever since agriculture began. Controlling of herbivores that compete with humans and types of weeds that compete with crops is necessary hence using pest control method. Pest management involves various steps to control pests. Identification of the type of pest, decision on which method to use and finally use of the method to control the pest are the steps followed.
Natural Method involves using of natural parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures and is totally safe to human kind and pets ,for example, a cat is a pet but a predator to mice and rats. Fumigation is a method of pest control which uses a criteria of moving pets from their structures then sealing those structures and induce a concentrated gas like carbon dioxide to destroy the pests. Soil sterilization is effective methods of soil steaming thus pests inhabited in soil are killed by heat and suffocation. Non-toxic oils repellents obtained from trees like Balsam fir oil rat repellent are used as the biological method. Trees produce non-toxic repellent oils to repel pests, for example, the rat repellent named Balsam fir oil. Planting some pest repellents plant is a biological method, for example, planting onion in a spinach farm to repel spinach pests.
Whenever there is the usage of insecticides, pesticides, and herbicides to control pests that is a chemical method of pest control. Space treatment uses seclusion of animals and pets so as to spray their structures and houses with insecticides to terminate and destroy pests with their eggs. When rats are trapped and poisoned by a bait it is called poisoned bait. Handheld sprayers are sprayers used to spray pests or structures that are inhabited with pests for instance mosquitoes, weevils and other produce pests, this is a spray method. Instance when pesticides sprayed are used is spraying cattle to destroy ticks.
Use of chemical is prohibited in traditional method of pest control. After harvesting some people burns the left overs of weeds hence controlling pests by destroying the eggs inhabited in them. When rats and mice inhabit homes and stores then traps are set to catch them. Purpose of each trap depends on its design. Destruction of infected plants is a method used sometimes of which the infected trees and plants in the agriculture sectors and forests are destroyed to control the pests.
Pest control is necessary for human health, healthy pets and animals and best farm produce.